Serving the community through the provision of education, human rights advocacy and health awareness.
Blair Akilimali, Founder - HOCODECO and Hope Academy
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In 2016 a Child Poverty in Tanzania report was produced through the collaborative efforts of the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).

The report presented the first national estimates of child monetary and deprivation poverty in Tanzania. A multidimensional child poverty indicator (MCPI) had been developed using a UNICEF methodology applied to the Tanzanian context and using the National Panel Survey (NPS) datasets. The resulting national measure of multidimensional poverty, along with an estimate of child monetary poverty were both defined and explained in order to build a comprehensive understanding of the extent of child well-being in Tanzania.

Potential deprivation in six or seven dimensions (i.e. nutrition, health, protection, education, information, sanitation, water, and housing) were assessed across various age groups.

Overall child deprivation and poverty rates were found to be high. Seventy four percent of all Tanzanian children live in multidimensional poverty, using a nationally agreed cut-off threshold of being deprived in 3 or more dimensions, while 29 percent live in households below the monetary poverty line. Deprivation and poverty rates are highest among children 5-13 and 14-17 years of age.

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Generally, children aged 0-23 months and 24-59 months have high deprivation rates across dimensions and they are most deprived in the areas of protection, water, sanitation, and housing. These two age groups have similar rates of deprivation.

More than eight in ten young children live in households with unimproved and/or shared sanitation facilities. About 50% of young children live in overcrowded households. More than one-third have floors and roofs made of natural materials, contributing to two out of three children being categorized as deprived in the dimension of housing.

Similarly, 57% of 0-23 month old children and 60% of 24-59 month old children, are deprived of water. While 35% of 24-59 month olds have unimproved and untreated water, 44% are in a household where it takes thirty or more minutes to fetch water.

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National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). 2016. Child Poverty in Tanzania:
June 2016. Dar es Salaam: NBS and UNICEF.